- "I am the Lord your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt..." - This commandment is to believe in the existence of God.
- "You shall have no other gods besides Me...Do not make a sculpted image or any likeness of what is in the heavens above..."
- "You shalt not swear falsely by the name of the Lord..." - This commandment is to never take the name of God in a vain oath. In Exodus, the text reads "in a vain oath" (לא תשא את שם ה' לשוא), while in Deuteronomy it reads "in a false oath" (לא תשא שם ה' לשקר).
- "Remember the Sabbath day and keep it holy" (the version in Deuteronomy mentions "Keep" rather than "Remember")
- "Honor your father and your mother..." - This commandment is a development when compared to other laws of the Ancient East (for example, the Code of Hammurabi) that do not call for equal respect of the father and the mother.
- "You shall not murder" - The Hebrew Bible makes a distinction between murdering and killing, and explicitly notes that murder is always a heinous sin, while killing is sometimes necessary, and in these cases just in the eyes of God. Thus, Jews take offense at translations which state "Thou shall not kill", which Jews hold to be immoral. The official doctrine of the Catholic Church and the beliefs of many Protestant Christians hold that this verse forbids abortion; in Judaism, abortion is prohibited based on other sources.
- "You shall not commit adultery"
- "You shall not steal" (sometimes interpreted as kidnapping, since there are other injunctions against stealing property in the Bible).
- "You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor"
- "You shall not covet your neighbor's house..." (in Exodus, the text reads "... neighbour's house, ... neighbour's wife, nor his manservant..." etc. while in Deuteronomy, "thy neighbour's wife, ... thy neighbour's house, his field" etc.)
According to Christian belief, if you break one Commandment, you are guilty of breaking them all. This underscores our status as sinners. But for all those who complain loudly about the the Ten Commandments not being put on public display to their satisfaction, I have a simple question.
What did you do last Saturday? I mowed the yard, did some laundry, went shopping, and did some other internet-related work (Sunday was about the same).