PARIS (Reuters) - A Frenchman who attacked and damaged "Fountain," a urinal declared a work of art by Dada pioneer Marcel Duchamp, was ordered Tuesday to pay a fine of 214,000 euros ($262,700).
A Paris court also gave Pierre Pinoncelli, 77, a three-month suspended sentence for taking a hammer to the absurdist artwork, the second time he has attacked it since 1993. The attack last month left the ceramic urinal slightly cracked.
Duchamp was a leader of the Dada movement, an avant garde "anti-art" school of the early 20th century that mocked conventional standards, and "Fountain," made in 1917 -- is considered one of the most influential artworks of its kind.
"This was a wink at Dadaism," Pinoncelli told the court in his defense. "I wanted to pay homage to the Dada spirit."
Jan 24, 2006
Jan 22, 2006
52 degrees. Front porch of a Beavers Bend cabin on the Lower Mountain Fork River. Partagas, Spaten Oktoberfest, fresh peanuts from a local farm, new goat-skin gloves from the Piggly-Wiggly grocery/tack shop, and Diarmaid MacCulloch's book, "The Reformation: A History".
Jan 17, 2006
Jan 14, 2006
John 3 (The Message)
Born from Above1There was a man of the Pharisee sect, Nicodemus, a prominent leader among the Jews. 2Late one night he visited Jesus and said, "Rabbi, we all know you're a teacher straight from God. No one could do all the God-pointing, God-revealing acts you do if God weren't in on it."
3Jesus said, "You're absolutely right. Take it from me: Unless a person is born from above, it's not possible to see what I'm pointing to--to God's kingdom."
4"How can anyone," said Nicodemus, "be born who has already been born and grown up? You can't re-enter your mother's womb and be born again. What are you saying with this "born-from-above' talk?"
5Jesus said, "You're not listening. Let me say it again. Unless a person submits to this original creation--the "wind hovering over the water' creation, the invisible moving the visible, a baptism into a new life--it's not possible to enter God's kingdom. 6When you look at a baby, it's just that: a body you can look at and touch. But the person who takes shape within is formed by something you can't see and touch--the Spirit--and
Jan 13, 2006
Jan 12, 2006
- One Day a Week discipleship
- Denominational identities
- European/Western Jesus
- Overhead costs
- Hierarchical organization
- Nostalgia and sentimentality
- Focus on buildings and things
- Hypocrisy and judgmentalism
- Cheap Grace
- Pharisaism and Law Righteousness
- Quenching of the Holy Spirit
More later. I'm still thinking.
Do you have any ideas? Let me know what you think.